Herbal Tea (tea.ca)
Not made from the Camellia sinensis plant, but rather an infusion of leaves, roots, bark, seeds or flowers, it is calming, soothing or invigorating.
Preparation: 100°C / 212°F and steep 3-6 minutes
Chamomile tea is made from the dried flowers of the chamomile plant (Anthemis nobilis). When brewed it produces a light yellow liquor with a fragrant odour which is warmish and bitter.
Fennel tea is made from the seeds of the fennel plant (Foeniculum vulgare). It produces an aromatic cup with a sweet taste.
Ginger tea is made from the roots of the ginger plant (Zingiber officinale). When brewed as a tea it produces a spicy, but slightly sweet taste.
Hibiscus tea is made from the flower petals of the hibiscus plant (Hibiscus sabdariffa). Hibiscus is used in most fruit teas to add a subtle tartness and a beautiful red colour.
Licorice tea is made from the roots of the licorice plant (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and is noted for its sweet and bold flavour (like black licorice).
Peppermint tea is made from the leaves of a type of mint (Mentha x piperita). When brewed it produces an aromatic odour, pungent menthol taste that leaves a cooling sensation in the mouth.
Commonly called South African red tea, popular in South Africa for generations and is now consumed in many countries. Generally, the leaves are oxidized, to produce the distinctive reddish-brown colour, but unoxidized “green” Rooibos is also produced. In South Africa it is more usual to drink Rooibos with milk and sugar, but elsewhere it is usually served without. Rooibos tea is often described as being sweet (without sugar added) and slightly nutty. Preparation of rooibos tea is essentially the same as black tea save that the flavour is improved by longer brewing. The resulting brew is a reddish brown colour, perhaps explaining why rooibos is sometimes referred to as “red tea.”
Rosehip tea is made from the fruit (hip) of the rose plant (Rosa canina). When brewed it produces a sour and slightly sweet taste.
Spearmint tea is made from the leaves of a type of mint (Mentha spicata). Spearmint has a less menthol taste than peppermint and has a mildly sweet flavour.
Yerba Mate is an herbal tea made from the mate plant (Ilex paraguariensis), which is part of the holly family. It is traditionally consumed in South America and is known for its balsamic odour and bitter taste, which could be comparable to some green teas. It is one of the few herbal teas that contains caffeine.